Fter spending two years with his new Iroquois family as described in Volume 1, Pierre-Esprit Radisson escapes and sails across the Atlantic to Holland before boarding ship to head down the west coast of France. Using his wits and the skills picked up in the New World, he makes his way up the Loire and arrives in Paris hoping to find his mother. But war for the succession of the king of France has razed the faubourg where he had lived with his family. What has happened to his mother?
Obsessed with returning to New France and the way of life he now loves, Radisson agrees to sign on with the Jesuits who are intent on evangelizing the New World. His return to the St. Lawrence Valley also means assuming responsibility for his past-his capture by the Iroquois and the death of his friends-but also honouring his commitment to the Jesuits and living a less adventurous life... at least temporarily.
But the New World is rife with challenge and conflict as cultures and economies collide. His mastery of the Mohawk language and knowledge of Mohawk culture make him a much-needed strategist and diplomat as plans are hatched to establish a new mission in the heart of Iroquois territory, which until recently was home to New France's mortal enemy.
"Women" and "architecture" were once mutually exclusive terms. In an 1891 address, Louise Blanchard Bethune declared, "it is hardly safe to assert" that a connection even exists between the two words. Some women didn't agree.
Mother Joseph of the Sacred Heart (1823-1902) is credited with works built in the present states of Washington, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and British Columbia. Born Esther Pariseau in Saint-Elzéar, Québec, the "Mother with a hammer" was honored by the State of Washington as one of two people to represent it in the National Statuary Hall Collection in Washington, D.C.
Louise Blanchard Bethune (1856-1913) designed and built works in the Buffalo, New York area, including the Lafayette Hotel, which was one of the eleven most luxurious hotels in the United States when it opened in 1904.
Mother Joseph's and Louise Bethune's signature buildings, Providence Academy, Vancouver, Washington, and the Lafayette Hotel, Buffalo, New York, are both listed on the United States' National Register of Historic Places. Both buildings are cases of historic preservation and adaptive reuse.
Bridging disciplines from women's studies, architecture and architectural history to the fascinating past of the Pacific Northwest and Upstate New York, Storming the Old Boys' Citadel sheds new light on North America's common built environment and those who made it.
In this book, based on years of research and keen story-telling skills, Carla Blank and Tania Martin also breathe new life into the lives and works of two remarkable nineteenth-century women.
For the first time in a book, defence counsel, investigators, journalists, and academics pool their knowledge and experience to answer the burning questions. What has happened to the fundamental principles of the sovereign equality of nations and the right of self-determination? Why do international criminal tribunals target Africa? How has international criminal justice affected the lives of citizens throughout the world? What about universal jurisdiction? Does foreign policy trump justice?
The seventeen essays in this broadly scoped collection are grouped in four parts: 1) International Criminal Justice in the Eyes of Africans and African Americans; 2) The ad hoc International Criminal Tribunals; 3) Universal Jurisdiction ... in a Single Country; 4) Justice for All?
Contributors include Chief Charles A. Taku, Michel Chossudovsky, Glen Ford of the Black Agenda Report, Théogène Rudasingwa, Jordi Palou-Loverdos, Philippe Larochelle, Beth S. Lyons, André Sirois, David Jacobs, Fannie Lafontaine, Phil Taylor and more.
Justice Belied marks a turning point in understanding how tainted international criminal justice undermines political solutions and imposes superpower dictat.
This smartly illustrated literary miscellanea will pique the interest of English prose enthusiasts anywhere. From "Dead Language - the Speaks" (e.g. ad-speak, etc.) to "Re-writing - Again?" and "Rules - Must We Obey?" authors Healey and Strube scrutinize prose in its various forms to reflect on what constitutes distinctive writing, and why. Included are samples of timeless fiction, astute quotes from celebrated authors, and ruminations on the difficulties of conveying, in prose, the mysteries of the human mind. Those interested in "words in their best order" (Coleridge) will find themselves (dare we say) exhilarated..
When President Barack Obama demanded formally in the summer of 2011 that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad step down, it was not the first time Washington had sought regime change in Damascus. The United States had waged a long war against Syria from the very moment the country's fiercely independent Arab nationalist movement came to power in 1963. Assad and his father Hafez al-Assad were committed to that movement. Washington sought to purge Arab nationalist influence from the Syrian state and the Arab world more broadly. It was a threat to Washington's agenda of establishing global primacy and promoting business-friendly investment climates for US banks, investors and corporations throughout the world. Arab nationalists aspired to unify the world's 400 million Arabs into a single super-state capable of challenging United States hegemony in West Asia and North Africa. They aimed to become a major player on the world stage free from the domination of the former colonial powers and the US. Washington had waged long wars on the leaders of the Arab nationalist movement. These included Egypt's Gamal Abdel Nasser, Iraq's Saddam Hussein, Libya's Muammar Gaddafi, and Syria's Assads. To do so, the US often allied with particularly violent forms of political Islam to undermine its Arab nationalist foes. By 2011, only one pan-Arabist state remained in the region-Syria. In Washington's Long War on Syria Stephen Gowans examines the decades-long struggle for control of Syria. This struggle involved secular Arab nationalism, political Islam, and United States imperialism, the self-proclaimed Den of Arabism, and last secular pan-Arabist state in the region.
An extraordinary testimony by Claude Lacaille, a Quebec missionary fighting for social justice in Haiti, Ecuador and Chile. This is Lacaille's first-hand account of the extraordinary oppression and poverty he witnessed in Haiti, Ecuador, and Chile between 1965 and 1986 where thousands shed blood simply for resisting oppressive regimes, politics and economic doctrines. The men and women featured in Lacaille's story are an inspiration for those who still believe in a better world. This is an impressive story of courage and solidary, inspired by a left-wing Christianity truly faithful to the Gospel. Claude Lacaille's memoir helps understand what "the preferential option for the poor" really means. Like other advocates of Liberation Theology, Claude Lacaille saw it as his duty to join the resistance, particularly against Chilean military dictator Augusto Pinochet. But the dictators were not alone; they enjoyed the support of the Vatican under Popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI.
Jake McCool, the injured hard-rock miner introduced in The Raids (Vol. 1), returns to work for INCO, but now at its nearby Copper Cliff smelter complex. In no time, he finds himself embroiled in a vicious fight over health and safety. Particularly alarming are the extreme levels of sulphur dioxide that poison the air in the smelter but also in the entire surrounding area, thus creating Sudbury's infamous "lunar landscape." The fight takes on new dimensions when free-lance reporter Foley Gilpin, who had worked for the Mine Mill union in The Raids, sparks attention at The Globe & Mail. At the same time local parliamentarian Harry Wardell smells high-level collusion between Inco and the government at Queen's Park in Toronto. Through the lives of Jake and his girlfriend Jo Ann Winters, their roommate Foley Gilpin, and a new cast of characters, Mick Lowe chronicles an entire community's eco-defiance.
More than a biography and `bigger than boxing', The Complete Muhammad Ali is a fascinating portrait of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first. Ishmael Reed calls it The Complete Muhammad Ali because most of the hundred odd books about the Champion are "either too adoring or make excessively negative assertions." They also omit many voices that deserve to be heard. Ishmael Reed charts Muhammad Ali's evolution from Black Nationalism to universalism, but gives due credit to the Nation's of Islam's and Black Nationalism's important influence on Ali's intellectual development. People who led these organizations are given a chance to speak up. Sam X, who introduced Ali to the Nation of Islam, said that without his mentor Elijah Muhammad, nobody would ever have heard of Ali. That remark cannot be ignored. Reed, an accomplished poet, novelist, essayist and playwright, casts his inquisitive eye on a man who came to represent the aspirations of so many people worldwide and so many causes. He also brings to bear his own experience as an African American public figure, born in the South in the same period, as well as an encyclopaedic grasp of American history. People interviewed include Marvin X, Harry Belafonte, Hugh Masakela, Jack Newfield, Ed Hughes, Emmanuel Steward, Amiri Baraka, Agieb Bilal, Emil Guillermo, Khalilah Ali, Quincy Troupe, Rahaman Ali, Melvin Van Peebles, Ray Robinson, Jr., Ed Hughes, Jesse Jackson, Martin Wyatt, Bennett Johnson, Stanley Crouch, Bobby Seale, and many more. Reed also places the Muhammad Ali phenomenon in the history of boxing and boxers from before the times of Jack Johnson, through Joe Louis and Archie Moore to Floyd Mayweather. He also includes Canadian fights and fighters like Tommy Burns, George Chuvalo and Yvon Durelle. "The Heavyweight Championship of the World," wrote Reed in a 1976 Village Voice headline article shortly after third Ali-Norton fight, "is a sex show, a fashion show, scene of intrigue between different religions, politics, classes; a gathering of stars, ex-stars, their hangers-on, and hangers-on assistants." The author of the much cited Writin' is Fightin' has now produced what will likely be known not only as The Complete Muhammad Ali but also "the definitive Muhammad Ali."
The Anti-Gallic Letters by Adam Thom were published in book form in 1836. They are based on Thom's editorials in the Montreal Herald written under the nom de plume "Camillus" between September 1835 and January 1836. They were never reprinted despite the importance of the people for whom Adam Thom was the public voice. These people comprised the Executive Committee of the powerful Constitutional Association of Montreal, including the president George Moffatt and Peter McGill. Adam Thom was also co-author of the Durham Report that laid the foundations for the Act of Union and the BNA Act of 1867 creating The Dominion of Canada.Anti-gallic Letters Addressed to His Excellency, the Earl of Gos
More than an anti-French, anti-Republican tract, The Anti-Gallic Letters, though largely ignored by historians, are crucial to understanding how British North America mutated into The Dominion of Canada in 1867. The Anti-Gallic Letters have been erroneously characterized as representative of a minor discord between the Melbourne cabinet in London and a select group of Montreal merchants, bankers, and gentlemen in the Tory oligarchy. In fact, they reveal the total disagreement among people of British culture and background on how to exercise power in the colonies of Canada and to protect the interests of the British Empire.
Westminster was inspired by the 1832 Reform Bill. The Melbourne cabinet believed in a gradual and harmonious transfer of British parliamentary values and institutions to a majority group who had a different culture and background and another widely-used international language. This majority was what Governor Gosford described as "the great body of people" in his 1835 Throne speech read in French. Yet the Montreal Tory Oligarchy, stirred by fear and bravado, anticiapted the worst, even though they defended the same British imperial world mission. For them, Montreal was to be the hub of the British North America that was developing, a competitor of New York. They brandished the spectre of the British Empire being dismembered, either by a French Republic arising in the St. Lawrence Valley or the annexation of Upper and Lower Canada by the powerful American Republic. This threat justified in turn their own threats to take up arms to make Downing Street change its course.
François Deschamps shows that they succeeded across the board. First in 1837 came the brutal repression of the Patriotes in Lower Canada and the Reformers in Upper Canada, then the Durham Report and the Act of Union of 1840, and finally the 1867 BNA Act creating the Dominion of Canada. Thence the word Prophetic in the title of this new edition of The Anti-Gallic Letters.
Now reprinted with Deschamps's fascinating presentation and notes, the Anti-Gallic Letters provide new insight to Canadian-and North American-history as Canada prepares to mark the 150th anniversary of the Dominion of Canada in 2017.
Courage, diplomacy, love, and conspiracy make for an action-packed adventure in a little-known past. This third instalment of the series continues Radisson's adventures with the Jesuits and the Iroquois. Mastering the Iroquois language and customs, Radisson leads a mission of French traders and Jesuits to Onondaga in an attempt to build alliances and trade for much-prized furs. But it quickly becomes apparent that the Iroquois are bitterly divided over whether or not to welcome the French and their missionaries among them. Radisson's skills in diplomacy are tested, as he tempers the ardour of the Jesuits and calms the arrogant and distrustful French traders, and cultivates friendships with the Iroquois who favour peace. With their lives at stake, Radisson and Father Ragueneau devise a secret plan to escape. During the ordeal he also learns that peace is worth far more than war, a principle that will guide him in the future. Based on true events as recounted by Radisson, The Incredible Escape, Volume 3 of The Adventures of Radisson will thrill readers young and old, recounting the early history of North America in modern accessible language. For background see Vol. 1 Hell Never Burns and Vol. 2 Back to the New World.
When some claim austerity is the only answer to today's economic woes, a close look at the best practices in Scandinavia and Finland gives pause for thought. Cited as models for their egalitarian social and health policies, these countries also have thriving economies where the gap dividing rich from poor is smaller than elsewhere. Despite their quasi mythic status, the policies implemented to combat inequalities in health are neither well known nor understood. Policies discussed in Scandinavian Common Sense include education, housing, conciliation of work and family life, daycare, sustainable development and more. For these policies to be part of political debate, be it in Quebec, Canada, the United States or elsewhere, they must be in the public domain. That is the purpose of this book.
La souveraineté nationale des États n'a jamais été autant d'actualité. La Grèce se débat pour exercer sa souveraineté pourtant reconnue depuis bientôt 200 ans. L'Écosse s'en approche, la Catalogne veut exercer son droit de décider librement de son avenir. Et le Québec, aujourd'hui, comme hier et encore davantage demain, fait partie de cette grande mouvance. Toutefois, il doit tirer des leçons de son passé récent et ajuster sa stratégie en conséquence.
L'enquête qu'a menée Robin Philpot pour ce livre publié d'abord en 2005 est ainsi d'une valeur inestimable. Son analyse mais aussi les confidences qu'il a obtenues de nombreux dirigeants du camp du non en 1995 - Brian Tobin, Sheila Copps, John Rae, John Parisella, Caspar Bloom et autres - permettent de comprendre l'état d'esprit des adversaires à l'émancipation du Québec mais aussi les lacunes de la stratégie des souverainistes.
L'auteur a également obtenu une entrevue exclusive avec la grande urbaniste torontoise Jane Jacobs - sa dernière - qui offre pour qui veut l'entendre une contrepartie à ces unitaristes canadiens qui ne veulent rien entendre du Québec.
Dans cette nouvelle édition enrichie, Robin Philpot propose des stratégies politiques et juridiques pour éviter que l'histoire du « vol » ne se répète, mais aussi des idées pour renouveler la stratégie indépendantiste dans cette période charnière de notre histoire.
Born in Hungary in 1975, Akos Verboczy moved to Montreal, Quebec at the age of 11 with his sister and mother, an esthetician, who learned that in Canada women were willing to pay a fortune ($20) to have their leg hair brutally ripped out. His story begins in Hungary, where at the age of nine he learned that he was a Jew too-"half-Jew" to be more accurate. Unlike some who emigrated from Eastern Europe, Verboczy has no particularly beefs about life "behind the iron curtain." He lands in Montreal as James Brown's Living in America plays and Rocky knocks the Russian communist boxer flat in Rocky IV. The good guys he had learned to like were now officially the bad guys. Once in "America" he discovers that he will be going to French school-after all it is Québec. But then he learns that Canada is the only "place on the planet where there's no prestige in speaking French." In fifty vignettes and tales that belie all the clichés about immigration to Québec, he depicts the experience of embracing a culture and a people who are constantly obliged to reaffirm their right to exist. A keen young fencer, he identifies with Alexander Dumas's d'Artagnan, the outsider who insists that his "heart is musketeer" though his dress is not. At a time when identity politics are at the fore, Verboczy's observations are both enlightening and witty, comforting and yet challenging, and humorous. He does not hesitate to discuss thorny political issues such as language laws, anti-Semitism, multiculturalism, values, Québec sovereignty, and more. Rhapsody in Quebec is an important contribution to public debate wherever immigration is an issue, be it Quebec, Canada, United States or on other continents.
The year is 1684. Young Eustache Bréman leaves a life of misery begging on the streets of France for a second chance in the New World with his mom, his sweetheart Marie-Élisabeth, and Marie-Élisabeth's family. But life is tough, with plenty more tragedy and disappointment to come on Cavelier De La Salle's ill-fated expedition to the Mississippi. Mutinous leaders, bloodthirsty freebooters, a hostile Karankawa nation and the wild Gulf Coast bayous make for heartbreaking adventure. Weaving real historical events into the day-to-day concerns of a young boy, this action-packed novel poses some troubling questions along the way. Will God answer Eustache's prayers? Will young love conquer all? Or will the men's true nature be revealed and bring about their downfall?
Shane Bearskin, a young Cree man from James Bay, and Theresa Wawati, an Algonquin woman from Northern Quebec, are united by a profound love for each other and a visceral attachment to their cultural heritage. As children both experienced the challenges that face so many young people from indigenous communities. They are university students in Montreal. Theresa is determined to become a lawyer to defend her people whose lands and way of life are constantly encroached upon. After passing her law faculty entry exams, Theresa is diagnosed with leukemia with about a year to live. Bucking everything modern society would impose on them, they decide to live out their dream, return to live in the bush, like their ancestors, and have a baby.
The local and the universal come together in these 37 short stories, brought into English by 37 different translators from all over the world.
The result gives readers a flavour of the fresh new writing coming out of Quebec-and a reminder that there are at least 37 different ways to translate an author's voice.
Translators include literary translation students, first-time and up-and-coming literary translators, world-renowned translators who have won major international prizes, some of Montreal's best writers and translators, a retired high-school French teacher in Ireland, and francophone authors translating into their second language. There are even people in there who (armed only with a dictionary and the priceless ability to write a beautiful sentence) barely speak French.
Some liken formal histories to four-lane highways. Nick Fonda answers with a meandering country road, quietly charming, with a human face.
If all politics is local, so all history is local... and anecdotal. As the great urban thinker Jane Jacobs said, anecdotes are the only real evidence because they come from stories people tell. Though not a bastion of wealth, Richmond is rich in stories.
Grand Trunk Wreck at Richmond, Aug. 13, 1904. Nine dead, 25 injured.
Some end sadly. Avery Denison carved a community out of wilderness, left many descendants, but was killed by highwaymen in 1826. Young Italian immigrant Ralph Andosca was mysteriously murdered in Melbourne in 1905.
Others are uplifting. Irish orphan Patrick Quinn, ordained priest in 1862, served the booming railroad town Richmond, for 50 years. Anita Mercier Demers surprised lumberjacks in 2013 when, with axe and brush saw, she earned the "Forester Emeritus" award for exemplary stewardship of her woodlot... at the age of 90 plus.
Readers will inescapably yearn to visit Richmond, now and then.
Behind The Eyes We Meet is a larger-than-life story that comes in three packages. A lighthearted opening flirts with chick lit before giving way to grim tales of a Russian P.O.W. camp on World War II's Eastern Front, concluding with a fresh, philosophical perspective on life.
Verreault uses long-lost family letters, poetry, screenwriting techniques, and more to explore a fascination for Italy, history, and humanity at large in this powerful first novel.
This is a lively and intelligent exploration of intertwined destinies and, as hinted at by the choice of title, a realization that we shouldn't judge a stranger until we've walked a mile in their shoes.
Einstein arrived in the United States in 1933, the year the Nazis rose to power in Germany. From that moment until he died in 1955, J. Edgar Hoover's FBI-with other agencies-feverishly collected "derogatory information" to undermine the renowned scientist's influence and destroy his reputation.
With material accessed under the Freedom of Information Act, Fred Jerome reveals the depth of, and the reasons for, this massive anti-Einstein campaign. He also uncovers Einstein's strong political commitments that have been conveniently buried under the image of the absent-minded icon genius. Whereas Einstein said on several occasions, "My life is divided between equations and politics," Jerome delves into his little-known political half-life.
This new updated edition presents new information about Einstein's political involvement and commitment, so detested by the FBI. This includes his very close relationship with Paul Robeson and their collaboration in fighting racism; his brilliant insights on Israel and Zionism; his opposition to nuclear weapons; and his life as an organizer. Fred Jerome concludes that if Einstein were around today, he "would put his knee to the ground with Colin Kaepernick, he would be front and center in opposing the warmongers and the neo-McCarthyites, be they Democrats or Republicans, he would speak out against those who give themselves the right to recolonize Asia and Africa, he would probably be part of the BDS movement, and would surely call out the Confederate-flag-waving marchers in Charlottesville (and elsewhere)."
Author: Fred Jerome is a veteran journalist and science writer. His work has appeared in publications, including Newsweek and The New York Times. He taught journalism at Columbia Journalism School, NYU and other universities. Jerome is also author of Einstein on Israel and Zionism and co-author of Einstein on Race and Racism.
"This carefully researched and reported account of Einstein's surveillance by the FBI adds, new, what Einstein might call `dimension,' not only to his personal history but maybe even to our own present-day character as a nation, conceived as it was in the moral vacuum of the McCarthy era, shaped by the Cold War and too many ill-conceived adventures overseas, come to maturity in this current precarious hour. Sometimes what worries the FBI can also serve as a clue to what, somewhere back in our national soul, lingering and toxic, has been eating away at us. In redeeming from the forces favoring general amnesia this essential set of connections, Fred Jerome has given us back a piece of our history, and hopefully of our conscience as well."- Thomas Pynchon
Patriots, Traitors and Empires is an account of modern Korean history, written from the point of view of those who fought to free Korea from the domination of foreign empires. It traces the history of Korea's struggle for freedom from opposition to Japanese colonialism starting in 1905 to North Korea's current efforts to deter the threat of invasion by the United States or anybody else by having nuclear weapons.
Koreans have been fighting a civil war since 1932, when Kim Il Sung, founder of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, along with other Korean patriots, launched a guerrilla war against Japanese colonial domination. Other Koreans, traitors to the cause of Korea's freedom, including a future South Korean president, joined the side of Japan's Empire, becoming officers in the Japanese army or enlisting in the hated colonial police force.
From early in the 20th century when Japan incorporated Korea into its burgeoning empire, Koreans have struggled against foreign domination, first by Japan then by the United States. Some protests were peaceful; others involved riots, insurrection and sustained guerrilla war. After the US engineered political partition of their country in 1945, the Koreans fought a conventional war, from 1950-1953. Three million gave their lives.
Examining the history of the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Gowans shows that it can be accurately qualified a "US puppet state" or even "a stationary US aircraft carrier." Only when faced with virtually insurmountable military threat did the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) resort to nuclear weapons to ensure its defense.
Patriots, Traitors and Empires, The Story of Korea's Struggle for Freedom is a much-needed antidote to the jingoist clamor spewing from all quarters whenever Korea is discussed.
Author: Stephen Gowans is an independent political analyst whose principal interest is in who influences formulation of foreign policy in the United States. His writings, which appear on his What's Left blog, have been reproduced widely in online and print media in many languages and have been cited in academic journals and other scholarly works. He is the author of the acclaimed Washington's Long War on Syria (Baraka Books, 2017).
"Stephen Gowans is not a writer to mince words or to defer to mainstream distortions. He makes no concessions to the standard self-serving Western narrative, and this is one of the reasons his work is so consistently refreshing. Gowans is also noted for his careful research and masterly knack for deploying information in support of logical analysis. Patriots, Traitors and Empires is no different in those respects. His book is an impassioned call for justice, imbued with a deeply felt sympathy for the Korean people and their struggle for freedom." - Gregory Elich in Zoom on Korea
"It is always refreshing to read Stephen Gowans. ... he does his homework and his writing is well-documented and far from the well-intentioned fluff that litter too many websites. He is careful to situate his subject within its context and he has a good eye for discerning what is important and what is of lesser consequence. These virtues are exemplified by his latest book... Stephen Gowans has written a marvellous and incisive study of modern Korea." - Tim Beal, author of Crisis in Korea (Pluto Press, 2011)
Paul Okalik was raised in Pangnirtung, a community that survived starvation, epidemics, eradication of its spiritual heritage, relocation, schooling in a foreign language, and confrontation with the Canadian justice system. He made the decision to improve the living conditions of his fellow Inuit. After ten years in Ottawa universities, he was called to the Northwest Territories Bar and then was elected the first Premier of Nunavut, the new Canadian territory, all in the year 1999.
The new government was challenged on all fronts. Education and training was crucial if Inuit wanted to play a determining role in decision-making. While Paul Okalik was premier, Nunavut developed a civil service decentralized over ten distant communities, built much-needed infrastructures and provided more affordable housing. Though Inuit employment in the Government of Nunavut managed to exceed 50 percent, this did not yet reflect the proportion of Inuit in the population. The Inuit's long-standing goal of self-government in Nunavut remains to be achieved. It is a work in progress.
(Where We Live and Travel, courtesy of the Inuit Heritage Trust)
Let's move on is an expression of determination inherited from generations of Inuit, faced with harsh climatic conditions and colonial policies. Getting bogged down with frustration is pointless. Paul Okalik's leitmotiv is to move forward with hope and confidence. His story is a lesson in personal and political courage. Let's move on is also the story of the creation of a representative government in a Canadian jurisdiction with a majority of indigenous people, a dream that cost the lives of Louis Riel and eight Cree leaders some 130 years earlier!
Long before the Davie Crockets, the Daniel Boones and Jim Bridgers, the French had pushed far west and north establishing trade and kin networks across the continent. They founded settlements that would become great cities such as Detroit, Saint Louis, and New Orleans, but their history has been largely buried or relegated to local lore or confined to Quebec.
Foxcurran, Bouchard, and Malette scrutinize primary sources and uncover the alliances, organic links and métissage, or mixing, between early French settlers and voyageurs and the indigenous nations. It began with the founding of New France by Samuel de Champlain in the early 1600s and continued well into the 19th century long after France was no longer a force in North America.
The authors have combined keen and accessible story telling with vintage maps, forgotten documents (such as the little known writings of Alexis de Tocqueville), and old photos or paintings. What they have discovered and now recount will propel the story of the peoples engendered-and still thriving-, their French lingua franca, and their ways of life back into the heart of the narrative of North American history where they belong.
Alexandre Guerrette dit Dumont. Born 1815 at La baye verte (Green Bay), Wisconsin, Dumont was one of the earliest settlers in Oregon's Umpqua region.
Alexandre Guerrette dit Dumont. Born 1815 at La Baye verte (Green Bay), Wisconsin, Dumont was one of the earliest settlers in Oregon's Umpqua region.
Songs Upon the Rivers also challenges historical orthodoxies. The French-speaking Canadien and Métis, who descended from the French and indigenous nations, developed a hybrid culture invigorated by their close kinship ties with the indigenous peoples across the continent. Yet they kept their French songs and language, which effectively made French the lingua franca of the American and Canadian West well into the 19th century.
Americans don't think of Canada as a source of potential terrorists-speaking a foreign tongue, serving a foreign religion, and invading their country. But when a million French-Canadians crossed the border between 1840 and 1930, many seeking work in New England's burgeoning textile industry, they were cast as foot soldiers in an alleged Roman Catholic plot.
A Distinct Alien Race places these Franco-Americans in the context of contemporary issues: the rise and fall of manufacturing in the U.S.; Nativism and the fear of the Other; emigration to the U.S. across land borders; and the construction of race. Vermette traces individuals and families, from the textile barons whose profits in the Caribbean and China trades financed a new industry, to the rural poor of Québec who crowded into fetid tenements after the Civil War. His social history exposes the anti-Franco-American agitation of Protestant clergy, the Ku Klux Klan, and the eugenics movement.
Author: David Vermette is a researcher, writer, and speaker on the history and identity of the descendants of French North America. He was born and raised in Massachusetts.
"the work of David Vermette on the French-Canadians who migrated from Quebec to the United States from the 1860s to the early decades of the twentieth century constitutes the equivalent of a gold mine." Vincent Geloso, EH.net (Economic History Association)
"First, let me say simply that this is a terrific book, the best synthesis of Franco-American history written to date...Both the research and prose are wonderful...Everyone with an interest in Franco-Americans should read this book." Leslie Choquette, Résonance Vol. 1 , Article 24.
"Readers interested in Canadian and American immigration history will appreciate the depth of Vermette's research and the fascinating story he tells." Publishers Weekly
"Meticulously researched and overflowing with facts, yet so well written that it's difficult to put down, the book tells a story few Americans are aware of." Emilie Noelle Provost, The Bean Magazine (Lowell, Mass.)
Girls and women were essential to industrialization in Canada, particularly in the cotton textile industry, which was concentrated in Quebec. In 1891, for example, more than 2000 girls and women toiled in Quebec's cotton mills, representing more than half the industry's labour force in Quebec.
Conventional wisdom would have it that young girls and women were most often quiescent workers who undercut unions' organizing efforts. In fact, women cotton workers demonstrated remarkable levels of labour activism and militancy across time. these girls and women were instrumental in transforming Quebec, perceived to be a seemingly boundless source of cheap docile labour, into an increasingly urban and industrial society thus heralding the Quiet Revolution of the 1960s.
At the core of Through the Mill are 84 previously unpublished oral interviews with women born between 1895 and 1934 who worked in Quebec's cotton textile mills. These working-class women are given a chance to talk freely and in their own words about all aspects of their lives and working conditions in the cotton mills.
Gail Cuthbert Brandt also examines the companies' motivation for employing girls and women, their recruitment methods, demographics, and gender divisions both at home and in the factory, with an eye on changing economic conditions, cultural and social attitudes, and technologies.
Through the Mill is an invaluable contribution to feminist labour history and among a handful of studies to analyse the lives of women industrial workers in Canada.
Author: Gail Cuthbert Brandt is a specialist in Quebec history and Canadian women's history. She is co-author of Canadian Women: A History (three editions) and of Feminist Politics on the Farm: Rural Catholic Women in Southern Quebec and Southwestern France. She holds a PhD in History from York University. She taught for 20 years at York University's bilingual campus, Glendon College, and was named Principal of Renison University College at the University of Waterloo in 1992. A former president of the Canadian Historical Association, Dr. Cuthbert Brandt is also a founding member and former executive officer of the Ontario Women's History Network and a member of the Canadian Committee on Women's History.
"The women of Through the Mill were long silenced: by their bosses, the Church, and even their families. This study, and their voices, force us to reckon with them not as archetypes but as individuals; not as abstract martyrs, but as clever acrobats, juggling oft-irreconcilable expectations." Mathilde Montpetit, Montreal Review of Books